Looking at the long shelves in paint stores, finding the right product might seem hopelessly complex. However, you will quickly find the solution if you answer the questions below. It is definitely worth your time to consult the paint store employees or our specialist who will will be able to recommend a product suited to your specific needs.
Should the surface be primed?
Surfaces need to be primed due to several reasons:
Priming metal surfaces is necessary to avoid corrosion.
Wood surfaces need to be primed so that the finish paint would properly attach to the wood.
Wood areas in knot locations need to be primed to avoid excretion of wood resin.
Priming walls and ceilings is particularly important if the surface has been putted locally. Without priming, the foundation will unevenly absorb the finish paint, as a result the surface may have a visibly different gloss.
Low durability plaster must be primed with alkyd primer to achieve better adhesion and to strengthen the surface.
Surfaces with nicotine or humidity blots definitely require a special primer, so that the blots would not become visible through the final paint layer.
Priming could also be necessary, for example, when transferring from one type of paint to another (repainting a surface painted with oil paints using latex paint, etc.).
Primer easily absorbs into the foundation, smooths down the porous differences between different surfaces and creates a uniformly adhesive foundation for the finish paint. Primer does not require good applicability, since the surface will afterwards be painted with finish paint. Priming reduces the consumption of the finish paint and ensures a long-lasting result.
Information about the need to prime the surface can be found on the label or in the product instructions. It is definitely worth your time to consult the paint store employee or the painter in order to decide whether surface priming is required.
What surfaces is the paint suitable for?
Each type of surface has an appropriate product that must be durable in the specific conditions that it will be used in. For example, kitchens and bathrooms require a paint with a resistance to abrasion during washing, while in living rooms and bedrooms a matted paint will be perfectly sufficient, since it does not require resistance to washing. Similarly, paints intended for the interior are not durable enough to withhold outdoors conditions. When choosing the paint appropriate for the surface, keep in mind that the surface should preserve a beautiful appearance for a long time, so that painting should not be redone every year.
What type of paint should you choose - solvent-based or water-based?
It is definitely easier to paint with a water-based paint that has less fumes, is easier to apply, quickly dries, and furthermore, the tools can then be washed with water. These days almost all interior surfaces can be painted with water-based products. However, solvent-based paint also has its advantages. Solvent-based products have good absorption qualities and create a washable, abrasion-resistant layer, and can be smoothed easily. We offer thixotropic alkyd paints that do not drip and do not run out. Usually solvent-based paints are used for painting, for example, metal and wood surfaces (windows, doors, furniture). Previously painted facades should be painted with the same type of paint. When painting a new surface, the paint type is mostly determined by the qualities of the paint layer surface (for example, paint samples in the store), paint glossiness (solvent-based products usually are glossier), the colour range for the paints and the price.
What degree of paint glossiness should you choose?
First decide whether you prefer a glossy or a matted surface. Paints have 6 degrees of gloss that are indicated on the product packaging:
1. Full gloss 90-100
2. Glossy 60-89
3. Semi-gloss 30-59
4. Semi-matted 11-29
5. Matted 6-10
6. Fully matted 0-5
Usually, the glossier the paint, the stronger layer of paint it creates. Glossy paint is resistant to washing and abrasion, and does not stain as easily. It is important to take into account that glossy paint will highlight the smallest unevenness of the foundation.
Matted paint layers are not resistant against normal washing and therefore are suitable for dry room ceilings. When using modern components, there can be exceptions, for example, the Villa Akva paint for outdoors work is matted but has good resistance against weather conditions. The degree of gloss can be observed by looking at the layer of paint against the light.
What tone should I choose?
Different people see colour differently, and colour perception is also affected by the light, the size of the paint sample and the combination of different paints. Several rules of thumb should be observed in this regard:
A light tone of paint will seem darker on the surface than it looks in the small sample in the to